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第162- 〜げ

There are a few ways to say “looks like” or “seems like” in Japanese, and some are more powerful than others. Today we are going to look at one of those limited, but still often used, ways of expressing such a thing.

Generally speaking, the ones mentioned below are often used in this way and there are not many more outside of this range. So it is best you memorize them as is in this post.

The suffix 〜げ is often used with emotion adjectives and gives the meaning of “seeming (adjective).” As you will see in the examples below, it is used with very few verbs as well, but mostly adjectives.

How to attach
I-adjective: drop final い and add げ
Na-adjective: add げ at the end and THEN な (notice you still need the な with it. (or に if you’re making it into an adverb).

Let’s look at some examples!!

ひとちする息子むすこ見送みおく母親ははおやかおはどこかかなしげだったが、ほこらしげでもあった。
The mom sending off her son, who is off to be independent, had a sad, yet proud look on her face.

仕事しごとあとかれかおねむたげだった。
His face after work looked sleepy.

幼少期ようしょうき写真しゃしんなつかしげにながめた。
I looked at the picture from when I was little nostalgically.

受験当日じゅけんとうじつ不安ふあんげな様子ようすだった。
Everyone seemed anxious on test day.

たこともないもの生態せいたいについて、彼女かのじょ得意とくいげにはなした。
She spoke knowledgeably about an animal habitat that I’ve never seen before.

いたげ
Seeming to want to say

たのしげ
Seeming happy

したしげ
Seeming intimate / familiar

We hope you enjoyed this JapaBit! Till next time! またねー

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